How are FBI documents related to 9/11 classified in the United States?

Pentagon Documments
The FBI has released classified documents about providing assistance to two Saudi hijackers involved in the 9/11 attacks. Unplash

The US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has released classified documents about providing assistance to 2 Saudi hijackers involved within the 9/11 attacks.

The document provides details of contacts of Saudi hijackers within the us . The document doesn’t provide any evidence that Saudi officials were involved within the plot.

Documents concerning the preliminary investigation into the 9/11 attacks are released on the 20 th anniversary of President Biden’s orders.

The 16-page document, released by the FBI, summarizes a 2015 interview with a person who had been in constant contact with Saudi nationals who had assisted the hijacker before he arrived within the us before the attacks.

President Biden last week instructed the Department of Justice and other agencies to review the documents for release over subsequent six months.

President Biden has been under constant pressure from the families of the 9/11 victims, who have accused the Saudi government of involvement within the attacks. The families of the victims have also filed a petition during a ny court.

The Saudi government has denied any involvement within the 9/11 attacks. The Saudi embassy within the us has also announced its full support for the discharge of a secret document investigating the attacks.

The families of the 9/11 victims have also welcomed the discharge of the documents.

Jim Crandler, a lawyer for the victims’ families, said during a statement that documents released by the FBI and evidence gathered so far had made it clear how al-Qaeda within the us knew the Saudi government. Was active with support.

After the 9/11 attacks, it had been revealed that 15 of the 19 people involved within the hijackings and attacks were from Saudi Arabia .

He said there had been speculation since then that Saudi officials were involved within the attacks. Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden also belonged to a prominent Saudi business family.

The documents come at a time when relations between the us and Saudi Arabia are deteriorating.

Earlier, in February this year, President Biden’s government released an intelligence report on prince Mohammed bin Salman’s involvement within the 2018 assassination of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

Official document issuance laws within the us

In September 1951, a proper system was established within the us to classify information and documents as sensitive. An executive order was issued by President Truman .

The presidential decree categorized it as “Top Secret, Secret and Confidential”. an equivalent classification remains used today to stay information secret.

Prior to the legislation in 1951, the United States government had not made the legal document confidential, consistent with a piece of writing by historian and author Sam LeBook within the American Historical Association’s journal Perspective on History.

He says the us found out the safety planning board (SAB) during war II. The board was found out in 1943 under the Office of War Information.

According to Sam LeBook, the observation of the officials of the safety planning board is that the federal employees don’t lock important documents even in such government buildings where the visitors aren’t checked.

SAB officials also observed that there was no law against the disclosure of classified information.

Earlier, the Spinning Act of 1917 made it a criminal offense to supply information on national defense to an unrelated person. But it didn’t specify how the knowledge would be determined to be “national defense”.

Similarly, the authorized persons for access to information and punishment just in case of violation etc. weren’t determined.

An ordinance issued by President Truman in 1951 defined classification of intelligence and linked the classification to the Spinning Act.

Clinton-era task force

Significant progress was made during this regard when, in April 1993, Clinton took steps to unveil secret government documents that had been kept secret since war I.

The President found out a task force for this purpose. the aim of the task force was to review the documents and determine which of them would be kept confidential. the way to declassify documents and avoid an excessive amount of secrecy in government affairs.

According to a 1993 report within the ny Times, Nixon and Carter had previously issued instructions to declassify the classified document, which was ignored by the intelligence and military bureaucracies.

Current laws

On December 29, 2009, then-President Barack Obama issued Executive Order 13526 to declassify documents. It also amended previous orders for declassification of documents.

The order said that in accordance with US democratic principles, the general public must remember of the government’s actions.

The presidential decree also made public access to historical information important for national development.

Under this order, a daily ‘National Declassification Center’ was found out . the aim of the middle was to help within the process of declassification of documents as per the Presidential order.

According to the presidential decree, a law was enacted to self-classify 25-year-old government records of historical significance.

Even after 20 years of 9/11, the colours of ‘Little Pakistan’ faded

According to the Department of Justice , the aim of automatic declassification is to supply general access to government documents without compromising national security.

Therefore, 9 exemptions have also been mentioned during this order, about which documents won’t be issued automatically after 25 years.

Individuals providing intelligence support, armaments, technology, personal details of these involved in ongoing war plans, intelligence on bilateral relations, etc. are exempt from this law.