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July 23, 2021


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Inner Mongolia is under repression of China

5 min read

People from the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region who sleep in Japan are being threatened by the Chinese authorities, and are urging Japan to assist out. The threat comes in line with China’s “policy of deprivation” in the Inner Mongolia, under which Mongolian cultures and langue’s attacked. Predictably, China is trying to stop information from spreading on its persecution of human rights within the Inner Mongolia.

Therefore, Japan has made a historical step 76 years after the top of the Second war .

In April 2021, it officially launched a parliamentary alliance supporting Inner Mongolia. Shimpei Okuhara wrote that the Inner Mongolia region has deep historical links with Japan. And people from the world want Japan to act firmly against China’s violation of human rights. “We want to inform Japanese people about the severity of the persecution in Southern Mongolia. We want to hitch forces with people in Japan, and fight along side Hong Kong , Tibet, and therefore the Uyghur people.” The statement was made by one among the Inner Mongolian participants in a demonstration in march 2012.

The organization in charge of the protest delivered a statement to the Embassy demanding a revival of school lessons in Mongolian, in addition to suspension of the policy encouraging the migration of Han Chinese to the Inner Mongolia. The cultural genocide crisis in the Inner Mongolia, where about 25 million people live, is worsening. In June 2020, the Chinese government decided on a policy to abolish Mongolian language learning in the Inner Mongolia, and in the autumn of 2020, elementary and junior high schools in the region switched from using textbooks in Mongolian to those in Mandarin Chinese. Hanging portraits of Genghis Khan, the founder of the Mongol Empire, in schools has become restricted. 

Inner Mongolian parents and teachers have protested against the cultural crackdown, but in response, the Chinese authorities have merely strengthened their suppression. According to the Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center in New York, about 10,000 Inner Mongolia ns are imprisoned within the Inner Mongolia. On top of that, the Chinese authorities have cracked down against people from the Inner Mongolia who live in Japan.

The Chinese authorities have sent officials to visit Inner Mongolian students in Japan and pressured them not to spread their opinions on the education crackdown in the Inner Mongolia, according to Shizuoka University Professor Oghonos Chogtu.

He is also head of the planet Mongolian Federation, which aims to protect Mongolian culture. Furthermore, Inner Mongolian students holding video chats with family back home have had their online family conversations suddenly interrupted by strangers who appear to be Chinese officials, who ask questions about the activities of people such as Oghonos Chogtu.

Even before the crackdown on Mongolian language learning in the Inner Mongolia, Mongolians in Japan are on the receiving end of unreasonable pressure from the Chinese authorities. One Japanese resident from Inner Mongolia, who was researching self-government in China, was imprisoned for several days in the autonomous region merely for gathering research materials that are publicly available in China.

He was apparently released on the condition that he wouldn’t participate in protests against the Chinese government and not ask the japanese media.

Another individual, an agricultural researcher who was studying vegetation in the Inner Mongolia, was reportedly detained after returning to the region from Japan.

In addition, a student who has personally experienced being arrested in the Inner Mongolia told media: “The natural environment in the Inner Mongolia has changed drastically as a result of overdevelopment by the Chinese Communist Party.

If anyone tries to research natural science, sociology, or present-day Southern Mongolia, the Chinese authorities see that as an inconvenient, political problem. My family lives in the Inner Mongolia so I can’t even tell fellow Inner Mongolians in Japan that I’ve been arrested and tortured”. Before the Second World War, part of the Inner Mongolia was under Japanese control.

There are still families in the region who follow Japanese customs, such as making miso from soybeans in spring. These families are said to be keen on Japan. Yet Japan’s concern about the plight in the Inner Mongolia seems to be inferior to its concern regarding Hong Kong and Xinjiang.

“From Japan’s point of view, its historical association with Inner Mongolia could be seen as somewhat negative – so it’d not want to specialise in the region. However, we are not after any apologies or compensation from Japan,” explains Prof. Oghonos Chogtu. Nevertheless, China’s assimilation policies in the Inner Mongolia are showing no signs of slowing down.

There has been a widespread backlash against the language-related policies that started in fall 2020. But in March 2021, President Xi Jinping took part in a meeting attended by the Inner Mongolia representatives and issued the instruction that Mandarin be spread across the region and that any criticism be shut down.

In Japan, there are parliamentary groups that support people in Xinjiang, Tibet, and Hong Kong. But there has been no real equivalent for the Inner Mongolia. However, Japanese politicians Hiroshi Yamada and Hiroshi Ueno, who were classmates of former Mongolian president Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj at Harvard University , have shone light on the difficulty . In March 2021, Yamada and Ueno invited Oghonos Chogtu to require part in an occasion on things in the Inner Mongolia and its historical connection with Japan.

A month later, on April 21, an Inner Mongolia support group was set up, with the former Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications Sanae Takaichi as the leader. Inner Mongolians in Japan had been wishing for this kind of action for about 10 years. “Japan is finally taking action.

Mongolia night view (Image by Kanenori from Pixabay)

The souls of Inner Mongolians killed during the Chinese Cultural Revolution are rejoicing in heaven. The issue of human rights isn’t a domestic issue.

It is an international one. We want Japan to make a person’s rights law that can tackle the human rights (and sanction Chinese officials involved in their suppression) in the Inner Mongolia,” says a senior official from the Southern Mongolia Congress.

Inner Mongolians in Japan are hopeful that Japanese political parties can work together and somehow help improve the worrisome situation. On the other side, Haiying Yang wrote that Mongolian people see their territory and civilization as different to that of China.

After the Second World War, the Mongolian People’s Republic wanted Southern Mongolians to be freed from Chinese and Japanese rule. However, half of its territory was taken by China. 

The secret Yalta Agreement was an element – an agreement that was made with none Mongolian or Japanese representatives. Any agreement or treaty that is made without relevant parties being involved is illegal.

According to Mongol analysts, Mongolians and Japanese people should join forces and question the legality of the Yalta Agreement.

The formation of the parliamentary alliance, therefore, represents progress in this area. According to them, Japanese history was created together with Mongolians in the Asian continent in the 20th century.

Mongolians still see Japan as a trustworthy ally. Looking ahead, Japan needs to help ensure that the Mongolian plateau becomes a bridgehead for Eurasia, so as to distance the region from China.

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