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Friday, September 17, 2021

Taliban announced new cabinet in Afghanistan: Who are the new rulers?

The Taliban announced an all-male interim government for Afghanistan stacked with veterans of their hard-line rule from the 1990s and therefore the 20-year battle against the US-led coalition, a move that seems unlikely to win the international support the new leaders desperately got to avoid an economic meltdown. Appointed to the key post of the inside minister was Sirajuddin Haqqani, who is on the FBI’s 

most-wanted list with a $5 million bounty on his head and is believed to still be holding a minimum of one American hostage. He headed the scary Haqqani network that’s blamed for several deadly attacks and kidnappings. The announcement came hours after the Taliban fired their guns into the air to disperse protesters within the capital of Kabul and arrested several journalists, the second time in but every week that heavy-handed tactics were wont to hack an indication .

Drawn mostly from Afghanistan’s dominant Pashtun ethnos , the Cabinet’s lack of representation from other ethnic groups also seems bound to hobble its support from abroad. As much as 80% of Afghanistan’s budget comes from the international community, and a long-running depression has worsened in recent months. Near daily flights from Qatar usher in humanitarian aid, but the requirements are massive, and therefore the Taliban can hardly afford isolation.

In announcing the cupboard , Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid emphasized that the appointments were temporary. He didn’t say how long they might serve and what would be the catalyst for a change. Since taking up Afghanistan in mid-August after U.S. troops withdrew, the Taliban have shown no indications they’re going to hold elections.

The U.S. State Department during a statement expressed concern that the cupboard included only Taliban, no women, and personalities with a troubling track record, but said the new administration would be judged by its actions. The carefully worded statement noted the cupboard was interim but 

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said the Taliban would be held to their promise to give safe passage to both foreign nationals and Afghans, with proper travel documents, and ensure Afghan soil wouldn’t be used on harm another. 

The interim prime minister, Mullah Hasan Akhund, also headed the Taliban government in Kabul during the last years of its rule. Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, who had led talks with the U.S. and signed the deal that led to the withdrawal, are going to be one among two deputies to Akhund. A policy statement accompanying the cupboard announcement sought to allay fears of Afghanistan’s neighbors and therefore the remainder of the planet but was unlikely to calm the fears of girls , who didn’t get one post. 

The statement urged foreign diplomats, embassies, consulates, and humanitarian organizations to return to Afghanistan.The statement spoke of protecting the rights of minorities and therefore the underprivileged, and it promised education. Women weren’t mentioned within the three-page statement. Abdul Salam Hanafi, an ethnic Uzbek, was named because the second deputy to Hasan Akhund. A long-time Taliban member, 

he is unlikely to satisfy demands for inclusivity and minority representation.Besides Haqqani as head of the police, the opposite top security post of defense minister visited Mullah Mohammad Yaqoob, the son of Taliban founder and near-mythic figure Mullah Mohammad Omar.

The Haqqani network, which dominates most of eastern Afghanistan, has been blamed for dramatic attacks in Kabul within the past two decades and for orchestrating kidnappings, often of usa citizens . Washington believes it still holds Mark Frerichs, a civilian contractor, who was abducted in January 2020 and hasn’t been heard from since.

The new secretary of state are going to be Amir Khan Muttaqi, another prominent figure from the Taliban’s last time in power. He faces a difficult task, given the Cabinet’s lack of diversity. The Cabinet selection defied the various voices that had urged inclusivity and moderation. 

Instead, it appeared to be a bow to the Taliban’s tens of thousands of fighters, 

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who would have struggled to simply accept figures from previous governments that they see as corrupt which they believe they were called upon to oust Yet even with a cupboard dominated by ethnic Pashtuns, the Taliban’s fighting force would appear to possess already attained some diversity, with their ranks bolstered considerably by ethnic Tajiks and Uzbeks.

That may have helped hand the Taliban a surprising win within the mostly Tajik province of Badakhshan, which they overran with few fight. once they last ruled, the province was the sole one they did not control. At an indication that was choppy by gunfire, protesters had gathered outside the Pakistani Embassy to accuse Islamabad of aiding the Taliban’s assault on northern Panjshir province.

The Taliban said they seized the province, the last one not in their control, after their lightning advance through Afghanistan. Additionally, Afghanistan’s previous government routinely accused neighboring Pakistan of aiding the Taliban, a charge Islamabad has denied. Furthermore, the planet reacted to the cabinet announcement of the Taliban. The US said it had been concerned about the affiliations and track records of some 

of the people named by the Taliban to fill top posts in Afghanistan’s new government. A spokesperson for the Department of State said, “We note the announced list of names consists exclusively of people who are members of the Taliban or their close associates and no women. We are also concerned by the affiliations and track records of a number of the individuals.” Beijing said it welcomed the top of three weeks of anarchy in Afghanistan with the establishment of a replacement interim government in Kabul, calling on the Taliban to revive order within the country.

China has been scathing about the American withdrawal, which it criticized as ill-planned and hasty. It said the new government would help bring stability.

Foreign ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said, “China attaches great importance to the announcement by the Taliban of the establishment of an interim government and some important personnel arrangements.”

The European Union said the caretaker government unveiled by the Taliban in Afghanistan did not honor vows from the new rulers to incorporate different groups.

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An EU spokesperson said, “Upon initial analysis of the names announced, it doesn’t appear as if the inclusive and representative formation in terms of the rich ethnic and non secular diversity of Afghanistan we hoped to ascertain which the Taliban were promising over the past weeks.”

On the opposite side, Farhan Haq, a spokesman for the UN, said the worldwide body doesn’t engage in acts of recognition of governments. He said, “That may be a matter that’s done by member states, not by us. From our standpoint, regarding today’s announcement, only a negotiated and inclusive settlement will bring sustainable peace to Afghanistan.”

He also said, the UN is committed to contributing to a peaceful solution, promote the human rights of all Afghans, notably women and girls, and supply life-saving humanitarian assistance. German secretary of state Heiko Maas said his country isn’t crammed with optimism by the makeup of Afghanistan’s new government and its exclusion of other parties.

He said, “A transitional government that doesn’t include other groups isn’t the signal for more international cooperation and stability within the country. We hope that further government formation will send the required signals. It must be clear to the Taliban that international isolation is not in its interests, and particularly not in those of Afghanistan’s people.”

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