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What do scientists say about the effect of personality on birth order?

According to the idea of birth order, our number within the family affects our personality, intelligence, even our success and lasts till youth. But do these qualities really belong to our place within the family? Medical doctor and BBC radio host Dr Radha Modgill explains.

Finding your home

You may not know it , but you’ll have some stereotypes about the idea of birth. consistent with this theory, the order during which a toddler is born affects his personality.

Many influential ideas during this regard came from Alfred Adler, an Austrian physician and psychologist within the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Adler was a mean child, ranking second out of seven. He wanted to know why children raised within the same family have different personalities.

At now i would like to inform you that i’m the youngest of 4 children, but I promise that the knowledge i’m getting to offer you won’t be biased.

In 1927, Adler theorized that the order of birth had a profound effect on personality because parents behaved differently from older and younger children.

He also believed that comparisons between parents and youngsters created a way of inferiority. Since then, researchers have expanded the ideas round the sequence of births.

Big baby

An older child, for instance , is assumed to be caring, responsible, trustworthy, cautious, but perhaps intimidating.

There is a standard thinking that the older child gets the foremost attention from the oldsters , so when the second child is born, he starts to feel neglected.

The world’s most famous older children include British Prime Minister Churchill in war II and JK Rowling, author of the favored Harry Potter series.

Middle children

Middle-aged children are often thought to be overlooked, in order that they are peaceable.

They adapt their personality to what the older child within the family already has.

Bill Gates and Madonna were middle-aged children in their homes.

The youngest children

The youngest child is often thought to be the only one who thinks, is smart, funny, entertaining and charming.

The youngest child is often thought to have to work hard to gain attention and maintain his independence and is different from his siblings.

Mahatma Gandhi and Cameron Diaz were the youngest in their family.

Only children

But don’t worry if you don’t have siblings, because Adler has something to say about the personalities of such people.

Lonely children are often thought to be self-contained, independent, love-seeking, and intelligent.

Because they do not have younger or older siblings, their personality often has the characteristics of an older or younger child.

Daniel Radcliffe and Leonardo Da Vinci, who played Harry Potter, were the only children in their family.

Why are siblings different?

In 1996, American psychologist Franks Solvo suggested that this difference could be due to the survival competition in each family.

In Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution, competition between living beings is seen as an important part of the struggle for existence, and therefore as the basis of natural selection.

When applied to the family, this argument means that children will have to compete for parental attention and investment in order to survive.

So the eldest child, for example, takes care of the younger siblings.

When a young child comes into the family, they have to take a different approach to living in the family and finding their place, for example taking many risks.

By doing so, they reduce competition in the family and increase cooperation, thus increasing the chances of survival for all.

Inconclusive evidence

But over time, the results of further studies have been inconsistent. Some fully supported Adler’s theory, while others rejected it outright.

According to some studies there is a difference in children but it does not matter and according to other studies this difference is due to family design such as how many siblings there are in a family and how old they are.

The sequence of births is an interesting topic, but if it really has any effect, then writing about it is still a big challenge.

But from a personal point of view, I still think that the youngest children are the best.

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