You’re probably cognizant that relations between the us and latin america haven’t been easy they’ve not always been cordial and it’s not entirely clear which side has been more reluctant to carry hands with the other put differently this relationship has always been less romantic than the sylvester stallone movie.
since the beginning of the 20th century washington’s only interest in its southern neighbours had been almost exclusively to align them with its own geopolitical and ideological interests this was reinforced during the 1960s.
with the arrival of communism in cuba in the midst of the conflict since then washington politicians have not hesitated to support any dictators palumerity groups or general evil-doers who were willing to bow down to Uncle Sam.
the very fact is that the role or rather the interference of the united states has skilled different stages the latest one that former president donald trump was perhaps one among the foremost distant phases of all and he left statements like this one when venezuela is free and cuba is free and nicaragua is free then this will become the primary free hemisphere altogether of human history.
the last hour of socialism in our hemisphere has arrived the times of socialism are numbered not just in venezuela but in nicaragua and cuba donald trump however when it involves the crunch how can i say this let’s just say that trump never really showed much interest in Latin America a minimum of not more than a vegan’s interest during a five pound stake.
but hold on a moment because now things have changed there’s a replacement tenant within the white house a president with a really different ideas and experiences and one who is predicted to undertake and combat the disputed Latin American competition once again that’s caused us here at visualpolitik to ask ourselves a couple of questions like,
what changes might the new administration bring beyond the mexican issue which is his own distinctive quirks what are the key issues on the table here and maybe the most important question of all what about china will Latin America once again become the playing field for a replacement global contest to seek out out listen up
and by the way for those of you who want to know more about Latin America don’t miss latin politic our newsletter dedicated exclusively to the present region i’ll leave all the knowledge for you in the description below hit the road.
During the last u.s presidential election two out of three latinos voted for joe biden however that is faraway from the most reason why latin america is predicted to realize more importance in u.s policy the truth is that joe biden is that the tenant of the Oval Office with the foremost knowledge of the region to offer you a thought during his time as barack obama’s vice president alone biden visited the region no .
but 16 times never before features a president or vice president visited Latin America numerous times and it is reasonable to assume that this is often not merely anecdotal.
if donald trump considered the region as something insignificant a kind of bottomless pit that only gave him headaches for biden this is often a scenario in play that he has first hand knowledge of and for better or worse this has been evident from the very beginning for instance he appointed juan sebastian gonzalez of colombian.
birth has the new senior director for the occident on the national security council that’s the president’s right hand for Latin American affairs but in fact the changes weren’t limited to at least one appointment virtually as soon as they landed at the white house the new team announced major changes.
first the bayonne administration decided to abandon trump’s policy of a second axis of evil comprising venezuela cuba and nicaragua this basically means the venezuelan or cuban issue will no longer be washington’s only concern in other words being a part of this movement againste goal of our work is to assist guatemalans find hope at home at an equivalent time.
Who are thinking about making that dangerous trek to the us mexico border do not come don’t come the us will still enforce our laws and secure our border but the question is what concrete plans does this new administration have in mind to affect this problem and another important question why are we talking about immigration.
if this is often a video about biden and Latin America well the rationale has got to do with a replacement white house strategy for instance that the new approach of the United States government is that both immigration and to an outsized extent the proliferation of drug trafficking is actually related to the local situation in the place of origin that’s as a consequence of the shortage of opportunities the absence of security and the lack of strength of local institutions to affect the issues.
the current u.s administration understands that exactly on these points that they need to figure for instance when we mention immigration apart from mexico we’ve to speak about what the us called the northern triangle guatemala El Salvador and honduras these are three of the poorest countries in Latin America countries with very very serious problems high rates of violence gangs massive corruption and even politicians with direct ties to drug traffic for example there’s the case of the president of honduras himself.
washington’s approach is that living conditions approve in these countries then there’ll be less irregular immigration and it’ll even be easier to control drug traffic that’s why biden is depending on resuming the strategy that barack obama launched in 2016.
the so-called alliance for prosperity within the northern triangle a programme that received 750 million dollars in 2016 but then under the trump administration that amount was reduced year after year even so the total allocated budget exceeded two billion dollars between 2016 2020. money that was supposedly wont to finance projects to spice up development and improve local living conditions well now joe biden has presented an idea to boost this policy again with 4 billion dollars.
over four years that’s one billion per annum at the top of this plan he has placed vice president kamala harris which is strictly what obama did with biden during his presidency when i was vice chairman i focused on providing the assistance needed to deal with these root causes of migration it helped keep people in their own countries rather than being forced to leave our plan worked joe biden it seems the problem is that it’s not clear that the program really worked the idea made sense but the results were poor during 2019 and 2020 immigration to the united states has skyrocketed again.
and for instance in guatemala a country that has received quite 1.6 billion in usaid over the past 10 years poverty rates have increased malnutrition may be a real problem and corruption is rampant perhaps the matter is that the plan was poorly thought out for example it’s estimated that the companies that piloted it kept around 50 percent of the allow items such as salaries and bureaucratic expenses which is crazy that’s a minimum of twice the maximum amount as i charge here at visualpolitik it’s a business an equivalent performers win contracts over and once again despite having been poor performers in the past without showing any level of impact and without changing anything carlos ponce professor of business management at columbia university .
biden has asked congress to boost annual aid to fight drug traffic to 453 million dollars annually an amount substantially above the typical of 330 million allocated by trump during his last three budgets it is a funding policy that matches in with the more interventionist vision that the new white house seems to support in its neighboring continent but in fact that’s not all dreams of caracas and havana the policy towards cuba is usually one among.
the most controversial and politically costly of any us diplomacy do not forget we only need to reminisce at the last presidential elections of 2020 when the cuban minority in florida turned its back on the present president and overwhelmingly favored trump and that they did so because biden is willing to resume the policy of the taunt that was once implemented by barack obama and came to be referred to as baseball diplomacy however it seems that biden learned his lesson when obama reached out to the castro regime for change and almost got his hand bitten off.
so it seems that the position are going to be rather passive that is that it’ll got to be havana that makes the primary move and actively demonstrate that they’re willing to initiate a particular political and economic transition still one thing the white house certainly does want is to go away the door open biden’s team is decided to reverse the trump administration’s.
inclusion of cuba on the list of terrorist-sponsoring countries in its last days of office it’s also assumed that they’re going to stop the implementation of the helm’s burton act whose title iii allows u.s citizens to sue international companies that use or benefit from properties confiscated by fidel castro’s regime this is often a law which has been suspended by all presidents since 1996 that trump decided to reactivate in 2019.
additionally given the poor state of the cuban economy and so as to promote openness biden’s team intends to lift the existing limits on the re-admittances and travel to the island and with respect to venezuela it’s pretty much the same story let them be the ones to make the first move but having said that beyond the increasingly weakened cuban venezuelan bloc and in addition to the central american policy there is another issue of great concern in washington nothing less than the fear of chinese influence.
the conquest of the east if there is one issue that has been causing alarm bells to ring in washington lately it is precisely that of china’s influence on the rest of the world it does not matter whether we’re talking about the pacific africa europe or latin america and the truth is that in recent years chinese influence on this region has been on the rise china literally devours the region’s raw materials and has invested heavily in sectors such as energy highways and ports and that seems to be what biden now wants to counteract biden’s strategy will be to offer alternative financing for critical infrastructure sectors including key areas such as telecommunications benjamin gedan director of the wilson center’s latin america program just a moment however because the most important move to counter china’s growing influence in the region and at the same time support the country’s closest to the united states would be none other than the return to the tpp now known as the cp tpp.
this is the most advanced trans-pacific free trade agreement to which as we’ve already covered in other videos even the united kingdom has asked to join and that is exactly what is now being considered in washington rejoining this trade agreement would have two direct consequences a boost to the pacific alliance whose member are part of this agreement and closer ties between the united states and latin america it would also put an end to one of the more characteristic policies of the trump era trade protectionism and there you have it these are the main issues on joe biden’s latin american agenda.